Respiratory Medicine

Otherwise known as Pulmonology, this discipline deals with diseases of the respiratory tract or breathing organ. These can range from mild, such as the common cold, to life-threatening, such as bacterial pneumonia or pulmonary embolism.

Respiratory physicians look after patients with:

·            lung cancer

·            asthma

·            Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

·            interstitial lung diseases

·            bronchiectasis

·            cystic fibrosis

·            tuberculosis

·            pleural diseases

·            pulmonary vascular disease

·            sleep apnoea and related disorders.

Such patients usually suffer from:

·            breathlessness

·            cough

·            coughing up blood (haemoptysis)

·            wheezing

·            chest pain

·            chest tightness

·            in the case of sleep apnoea, excessive daytime sleepiness.

Most pulmonology diseases are treated with medication, either by inhalation (bronchodilators and steroids) or in oral form (antibiotics, leukotriene antagonists). A common example is the use of inhalers to treat asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. For severe respiratory diseases (emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis), oxygen therapy is often necessary. When this is insufficient, the patient might require mechanical ventilation.

If, after extensive medical treatment, the patient’s respiratory function has decreased or improved very little, pulmonary rehabilitation or respiratory therapy may be initiated.  Although a pulmonologist may refer a patient to therapy, the therapy is generally practised by respiratory therapists.

Our Doctors Specializing In Respiratory Medicine

Dr Sundari Ampikaipakan

MB BCh BaO (Ireland), MRCP (UK)
Specialty: Respiratory Medicine
Location : Pantai Medical Centre