Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine which deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the visual pathway, including the eyes and brain.  The term ophthalmologist refers to a specialist in medical and surgical eye problems.  Ophthalmologists are surgically trained and can perform operations on eyes when the indications arise.

Ophthalmology includes sub-specialities which deal either with certain diseases or diseases of certain parts of the eye. 

Some of them are:
•    Anterior segment surgery
•    Cataract — not usually considered a subspecialty per se, since most general ophthalmologists perform
     cataract surgery
•    Cornea, ocular surface, and external disease
•    Glaucoma
•    Medical retina, deals with treatment of retinal problems through non-surgical means.
•    Neuro-ophthalmology
•    Ocular oncology
•    Oculoplastics & Orbit surgery
•    Paediatric ophthalmology/Strabismus (mis-alignment of the eyes)
•    Refractive surgery
•    Uveitis/Immunology
•    Vitreo-retinal surgery, deals with surgical management of retinal and posterior segment diseases and
     disorders. Medical retina and vitreo-retinal surgery sometimes together called posterior segment

How the eye is disturbed
•    Vision is affected one way or another
•    Inflammation develops around the corneal margin
•    Inflammatory debris in the drainage angle will block the aqueous flow and the intraocular pressure will rise
•    Inflammatory debris on the deep surface of the cornea impairs the endothelial suction pump, hydrating and
     clouding the stroma and epithelium
•    Adhesions developing between the iris and the lens may block the flow of aqueous. The iris ballooning
     forwards is given the name iris bombeé. Whatever the fanciful title, the intraocular pressure will rise.
•    The lens, bathed by aqueous, poisoned by inflammation and possibly by therapeutic corticosteriod as well,
     responds in the only way it can by losing its transparency – by any other name, a cataract.

Five main complains:
•    Alteration in appearance
•    Pain
•    Watering (with or without discharge)
•    Alteration in vision
•    Double vision

Our Doctors Specializing In Ophthalmology

Dr Cheong Fook Meng

MBBS (London), MRCOphth (London), FRCS (Edinburgh), AM (Mal)
Specialty: Ophthalmology
Location : Gleneagles Hospital Kuala Lumpur

Dr Kenneth Fong Choong Sian

MA MB BChir (Cambridge), FRCOpth (UK), FRANZCO (Aust), CCT (UK), AM
Specialty: Ophthalmology, Vitreoretinal Surgery
Location : Sunway Medical Centre