Paediatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of the child from birth to adulthood.  A medical practitioner who specializes in this area is known as a paediatrician. Paediatricians may also work with obstetric and midwifery teams to counsel parents regarding potential or anticipated problems with an unborn child.  Like internal medicine, paediatrics has many subspecialties for specific age ranges, organ systems, disease classes, and sites of care delivery. 

Most subspecialties of adult medicine have a paediatric equivalent such as:


  • paediatric cardiology
  • paediatric endocrinology
  • paediatric gastroenterology
  • paediatric haematology
  • paediatric nephrology
  • paediatric oncology
  • paediatric ophthalmology
  • neonatology

Differences between adult and paediatric medicine

Paediatrics differs from adult medicine in many respects.  The obvious body size differences are paralleled by maturational changes.  The smaller body of an infant or neonate is substantially different physiologically from that of an adult.  Congenital defects, genetic variance, and developmental issues are of greater concern to paediatricians than they often are to adult physicians.

Many diseases present differently or have a different course in children and some diseases occur exclusively in children.  Consideration needs to be given to the variable degree to which children can communicate symptoms and finally there are legal and ethical considerations surround the health care of people who are minors in a legal sense.  All these differences mean that specialists in the healthcare of children are required to ensure that the standard of care is the highest possible.

Treating a child is not like treating a miniature adult.  A major difference between paediatrics and adult medicine is that children are minors and, in most jurisdictions, cannot make decisions for themselves.  The issues of guardianship, privacy, legal responsibility and informed consent must always be considered in every paediatric procedure.  In a sense, paediatricians often have to treat the parents and sometimes, the family, rather than just the child.  Adolescents are in their own legal class, having rights to their own health care decisions in certain circumstances.

Our Doctors Specializing In Paediatrics

Dr Lim Miin Kang

MBBS (Mal), MRCP (UK), MRCP (Ireland), Master Med (Sípore), DCH (Glasgow)
Specialty: Paediatrics
Location : Gleneagles Hospital Kuala Lumpur

Professor Dr Hwang Yee Chern

Specialty: Paediatrics & Neonatology
Location : Island Hospital Penang

Dr Ananda Dharmalingam

Specialty: Paediatrics & Neonatology
Location : Gleneagles Hospital Kuala Lumpur

Dato' Dr Vernon VV Lee

D.I.M.P. MBChB (Sheffield, UK), MRCP (UK), FRCP (Glasgow), AM
Specialty: Paediatrics & Neonatology
Location : Gleneagles Hospital Kuala Lumpur